WASHINGTON — A skeptical Supreme Court took aim Tuesday at a California law that forces anti-abortion crisis pregnancy
A ruling striking down the law could doom similar laws in Hawaii and Illinois, and also call into question laws in other states that seek to regulate doctors' speech.
Both conservative and liberal justices raised questions about the California law, which took effect in 2016. Centers that are licensed by the state must tell clients about the availability of contraception, abortion and pre-natal care, at little or no cost. Centers that are unlicensed also must post a sign that says so.
At different points in the arguments, liberal Justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor said they were troubled by aspects of the California law.
Kagan said it seemed that the state had "gerrymandered" the law, a term usually used in the context of redistricting, to target the anti-abortion
Justice Samuel Alito, a likely vote for the
"When you put all this together, you get a very suspicious pattern," Alito said.
Joshua Klein, California's deputy solicitor general, said the state is targeting poor, pregnant women, not the
The court has previously upheld requirements that doctors in abortion clinics must tell patients about alternatives to abortion.
"If a pro-life state can tell a doctor you have to tell people about adoption, why can't a pro-choice state say you have to tell people about an abortion?" Justice Stephen Breyer asked Michael Farris, representing the
Farris replied that the Supreme Court has recognized that doctors must obtain a patient's informed consent about the risks and alternatives of medical procedures, including abortions.
The abortion-rights group NARAL Pro-Choice California was a prime sponsor of the California law. NARAL contends that the
California's law was challenged by the National Institute of Family and Life Advocates, an organization with ties to 1,500 pregnancy
Farris said the state is trying to compel the
But Sotomayor, saying she is "fairly sophisticated, said it wasn't clear to her from the
"If a reasonable person could look at this
Farris replied that the
He got support from Justice Anthony Kennedy, who scoffed at the requirement in the law that unlicensed
Kennedy said that requirement is "an undue burden and "should suffice to invalidate the statute."
In another lawsuit over regulating crisis pregnancy
Other states have laws that regulate doctors' speech in the abortion context. In Louisiana, Texas and Wisconsin, doctors must display a sonogram and describe the fetus to most pregnant women considering an abortion, according to the Guttmacher Institute, which supports abortion rights. Similar laws have been blocked in Kentucky, North Carolina and Oklahoma.
Doctors' speech has also been an issue in non-abortion cases. A federal appeals court struck down parts of a 2011 Florida law that sought to prohibit doctors from talking about gun safety with their patients. Under the law, doctors faced fines and the possible loss of their medical licenses for discussing guns with patients.
Mark Sherman, The Associated Press